Galaxy of Composers
TRINITY AND CONTEMPORARIES
SUBBARAYA SASTRI (1803-1862)
background: Subbaraya Sastri was
the son and disciple of the great composer Syama
Sastri, one of the
Trinity of Carnatic composers. He has the unique distinction of having
had his tutelage under each of the trinity, the others being Tyagaraja
Dikshitar. He also
benefited a lot due to his contacts with Ramadas Swamy, who was
proficient in Hindustani music.
Region: Tanjavur, Tamilnadu
Contribution: Apart from being a
gifted musician himself, Subbaraya Sastri was composer of class. He wove
into his compositions the styles of both his father and guru, Tyagaraja.
One of the historical incidents in his life was when he composed and
sang his Kalyani masterpiece, Ninnuvina gatigana in the presence
of Tyagaraja at the Tiruvaiyyar temple on the presiding deity, Goddess
Dharmasamvardhani. Tyagaraja was immensely pleased at the excellence
which Subbaraya Sastri displayed. His compositions are rich in melody
and bhava and although very few in number, have placed him on par with
the most eminent of the lot. Subbaraya Sastri later adopted Annaswami
Sastri, who also eventually became a composer of merit.
Language used: Telugu
Theme: Devotion or bhakti.
Popular compositions: Janani ninnuvina (Reetigowla), Ninnusevinchina (Yadukulakambhoji), Venkatasailavihara (Hamirkalyani) etc.
|Galaxy of composers||Pre-trinity composers|
|Post-trinity composers||Living composers|